Elizabeth Jennings Graham photo source: Kansas Historical Foundation, photo circa 1854-1860
(1830-1901) Elizabeth Jennings was a New York City schoolteacher whose 1854 defiance of a streetcar conductor’s order to leave his car helped desegregate public transit in New York City. With the help of her prominent father, the wealthy businessman Thomas L. Jennings, she filed and won a lawsuit against the streetcar company. Thomas L. Jennings, the first African-American to win a patent, owned a large clothing store and co-founded the famous Abyssinian Baptist Church. He used most of his profits in the fight against slavery and racism, founding a Legal Rights Association, which fought for civil rights through the courts. The association’s first case was his daughter’s. The judge in her case issued a ruling that prohibited discrimination in public transit against blacks. Chester A. Arthur, who later become the 21st President of the United States was her attorney. While she won her suit, only after blacks won another anti-discrimination lawsuit in 1859, did New York City’s public transit substantially desegregate. Later, with school’s remaining segregated, Jennings founded New York City’s first black kindergarten. — Sources: Speak out in Thunder Tones, Letters and Other Writings by Black Northerners 1787-1865 and The New York Times
There’s a big difference in saying, “There’s a flaw in your argument, and it’s relevant for this reason,” and, “You are making a stupid error, and here are some Latin words to make you feel stupider.”
#5. Accusing Someone of Using a Logical Fallacy
Understanding logical fallacies is an important skill, because the human brain is a flawed machine notoriously bad at picking out mistakes. But — and this is important — it’s a passive trait. You can’t use your knowledge of logical fallacies to debate somebody, because whether or not someone is using a logical fallacy has little to do with whether or not they’re right. And if you don’t believe me, then you’re making a logical fallacy. Possibly even two of them.
chris evans says he done gymnastics for the role captain america so chris evans knows gymnastics. chris evans is flexible
just imagine chris evans doing a cartwill in your living room
that is not where i thought this was going
"let’s see … i’d rather give someone a smile than a punch in the face. that’s me. will that do?"
- jeremy renner describes himself in one sentence
You little shit, just stop it.